News Organizations and Titles: Columnist, Philadelphia Inquirer, 1972-89; instructor, Temple University, 1971; economic columnist, Philadelphia Bulletin, 1948-68; columnist, Washington Post, 1946-47; financial editor, Philadelphia Record, 1945-47; syndicated columnist, "Business Outlook," 1945-89; staff member, War Mobilization and Reconversion under James F. Byrnes and Gen. Lucius Clay; staff member, "War Progress," a confidential weekly report to the War Production Board, 1942-45; economist, Business Week, 1936-42; public utilities editor, Financial World, 1934-35; columnist and executive editor, New York Daily Investment News, 1931-34; staff member, New York daily newspapers, 1925-30.
Legacy: This Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist covered business and economic issues for six decades, with much of his career spent outside the financial hub of New York City. His column was syndicated in more than 50 newspapers. He also began one of the nation's first consensus economic forecasts with his twice-yearly survey of economists.
Personal: Born Feb. 10, 1905, in New York City; died Dec. 25, 1989.
Family: Married Rosalie Logise Frenger in 1927. They had one daughter, Patricia.
Awards:Award for Excellence in Reporting, Temple University; four Gerald Loeb awards; three John Hancock awards; three Overseas Press Club awards for excellence in reporting from abroad; the 1965 Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting. ducation: University of Michigan, B.A.
What he has said about himself: "I tried to get into the financial department at the (Brooklyn Times), but my editor said 'For God's sake, you've finally learned how to write a decent news story, and now you want to switch to the section that nobody reads? You're crazy.' "
On the role of a business columnist: "Column writing involves yielding to your prejudices after a hard fight. You try not to grind axes, but you often have to take a position. You try to divorce your strongest feelings from your writing and you try to be fair, but that's the way it is."
Home run stories or accomplishments: He spent 10 weeks behind the Iron Curtain in 1964. The resulting series of stories describing the economic defection of Eastern Europe from Russia won him the 1965 Pulitzer Prize.
What he made news or headlines for: In 1946, he began an economics survey that summarized the forecasts of economists from industry, government, banking and academia. That report, now known as the Livingston Survey, continues, and is emulated by such other publications as the Blue Chip Economic Forecast.
What others have said about him: Eugene L. Roberts Jr., executive editor of The Philadelphia Inquirer and president of Philadelphia Newspapers Inc., in an Associated Press obituary: "He was one of the outstanding journalists of his time."